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标题: [原创] 书信之衰落 上一主题 | 下一主题
fanghuzhai

#1  [原创] 书信之衰落

1808年 英国出了一本书,书名是400年英语书信集,精选了 1456年至当时的英人书信。书的序言作者说,英国书信文学之发达,欧洲国家无出其右,只有法国略与之相当。序言盛赞编者以大海捞针的精神在卷帙浩繁的书信文集众去粗取精,编写了这本与金诗宝库异曲同工的书信集。

在序言中,作者也提到有人感慨英语书信文学传统的式微,通信已经像谚语一般简短。这话是十九世纪说的。作者显然不会想到,在今天的互联网时代,通信不但简短,毫无章法,而且近乎到了黑话的地步,如“然并卵”。现在的博客世界,大多被心灵鸡汤充斥。大多数人大的博客,都是转转转。

书信写作往往是一个人写作能力发展的开始,序言引述约翰洛克说,孩童一旦掌握了造句的能力,就应当被鼓励写信,因为书信可以直抒胸臆,不必把太多的精力放在谋篇布局上,对锻炼以真实为写作的精神很有帮助。又由于书信与日常生活密切相关,通过书信,可以对写信人有更好的了解。话语则转瞬即逝,难以反复研读。

回想没有互联网的时代,从那个时代过来的人恐怕都没少写信。每天等信差也是生活中的一大重要内容。不知道各位手中还有没有留着昔日的书信,不管是来自家人,还是来自好友,情侣,同好,如果这些信不是草草涂鸦,不是惜字如金,不妨将真事真人隐去,把好的文字秀出来,也是为保存平民书信文化贡献了一点力量。

以下是该文集第一封信:
. The following letter describes the capture and
murder of the Duke of Suffolk, the most able of Henry the
Sixth's counsellors.

William Lomner to John Paston.

May 5, 1450.

帕斯通大人见信如晤:
余含泪修书于大人,恳请大人赐读。

As on Monday nexte after May day there come tydyngs to
London that on Thorsday before the Duke of Suffolk come unto
the costes of Kent full nere Dover with his ij shepes and a litel
spynner; the qweche spynner he sente with certyn letters to
certyn of his trustid men unto Caleys warde, to knowe howe
he shuld be resceyvyd; and with him mette a shippe callyd
Nicolas of the Towre, with other shippis waytyng on hym, and by
hem that were in the spynner, the maister of the Nicolas hadde
knowlich of the Dukes comyng. And whanne he espyed the
Dukes shepis he sente forthe his bote to wete what they were, and
the Duke hymselfe spakke to hem, and seyd he was be the Kyngs
comaundement sent to Caleys ward, &c.
五月一日过后之星期一,有消息报至伦敦,言前周四萨福克公爵舟行至多佛附近之肯特海岸




And they seyd he most speke with here master. And soo he,
with ij or iij of his men, wente forth with hem yn here bote to
the Nicolas; and whanne he come, the master badde him ' Welcom,
Traitor/ as men sey ; and forther the maister desyryd to wete yf
the shepmen wolde holde with the duke, and they sent word they
wold not yn noo wyse ; and soo he was yn the Nicolas tyl Satur
day next folwyng.

Soom sey he wrotte moche thenke to be dely verd to the Kynge,
but that is not verily knowe. He hadde his confessor with hym.

And some sey he was arreyned yn in the sheppe on here maner
upon the appechcments and fonde gylty.

Also he asked the name of the sheppe, and whanne he knewe
it, he remernbred Stacy that seid, if he myght eschape the daunger
of the Towr he should be saffe ; and thanne his herte fay lyd him,
for he thowghte he was desseyvyd, and yn in the syght of all his
men he was drawyn ought of the grete shippe yn to the bote ; and
ther was an exe, and a stoke, and oon of the lewdeste of the shippe
badde him ley down his hedde, and he should be fair ferd wyth,
and dye on a swerd ; and toke a rusty swerd, and smotte of his
hedde withyn halfe a doseyn strokes, and toke away his gown of
russet, and dobelette of velvecl mayled, and leyde his body on the
sonds of Dover ; and some sey his hedde was set oon a pole by it,
and hes men sette on the londe be grette circumstaunce and preye.
And the shreve of Kent doth weche the body, and sent his under
shreve to the juges to wete what to doo, and also to the Kynge
whatte shalbe doo. Forther I wotte nott, but this fer is that yf the
proces be erroneous, lete his concell reverse it.

Sir Thomas Keriel is taken prisoner and alle the legge
harneyse, and abonte iij. m 1 ' (3000) Englishe men slayn. 1

Mathew Gooth with xv c (1500) nedcle, and sayvd hym selfe
and hem; and Peris Brusy was cheffe capteyn, and hadde x ml
C 10,000) Frenshe men and more. I prey you lete my mastras
yoi;r moder knowe these tydingis, and God have you all in his
kepyn. I prey you this Lille may recomaunde me to my mastrases
your moder and wyfe.

Wretyn yn gret hast at London the v. day of May.


2015-7-30 12:16
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海外逸士

#2  

其實,現在的電信裡也可以用書信體寫的。如:

方兄英鑒,多日違睽,曷勝懸念。----------


2015-7-30 14:21
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fanghuzhai

#3  



2015-7-30 16:58
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Xiaoman

#4  

喜欢研究英语散文,书信。先顶


2016-4-10 11:39
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Xiaoman

#5  

nexte , knowe, howe ,lete, sente, holde  老外都看得晕

好像喜欢在字后面加E


2016-4-10 15:39
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Xiaoman

#6  

中文的“雅和” , 英文就“After' 吗?不知道还有没有其他字可以替代:

http://www.writingforums.com/thr ... Guts-of-Me-Language


2016-4-10 17:20
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Xiaoman

#7  

“又由于书信与日常生活密切相关,通过书信,可以对写信人有更好的了解。话语则转瞬即逝,难以反复研读。”

这句让我想起借钱欠条,债主反复研读,想着把钱要回来。当今世上很少人用手去写字了,一般都是打字。


2016-4-10 17:41
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Xiaoman

#8  

名人手写的十二封情书

12 Hand-Written Love Letters From Famous People

http://www.fastcodesign.com/1669 ... i-to-michael-jordan


2016-4-11 20:36
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首页小说界诗苑散文天地纪实录文史哲艺术之声综合类侃山闲聊图库书市文摘伊甸窗